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I was born in Schwarzenbach, Austria, April 29, 1929. We lived in a kosher home and I would take the chickens to the shochet (butcher) for my family. I was 9 when Hitler rose to power. The SS came to our door and forced us to leave our home and leave all our belongings behind. I wore a yellow Jewish star and people threw rocks at me. I was sent to Theresienstadt. In the ghetto, I worked in a shoe factory. I was transported from place to place and fixed shoes for people on the way to Auschwitz. After the war, I joined the Israel Defense Force (IDF). I have three sons and five Jewish grandchildren.